On January 17, 1995, a major earthquake struck near the city of Kobe, Japan, killing more than 6,000 and making more than 45,000 people homeless. … The Kobe quake was a result of an east-west strike-slip fault where the Eurasian and Philippine plates interact.
Why were earthquakes killed in Kobe city?
The majority of deaths were caused by fire storms. Some people were trapped under rubble for hours until they died of suffocation, but volunteers made an effort to decrease that, by searching with their bare hands for victims. Over 600 aftershocks followed, which made even more people die.
How did Japan recover from the Kobe earthquake?
— Kobe instituted A three-year emergency housing reconstruction plan. — Sewerage services were restored to Kobe 135 days after the earthquake. — Evacuation shelters in Kobe closed on August 20, 1995.
How long did the Kobe Japan earthquake last?
The earthquake hit at 5:46 am on Tuesday, Jan. 17, 1995, in the southern part of Hyōgo prefecture, west-central Honshu. It lasted about 20 seconds and registered as a magnitude 6.9 (7.3 on the Richter scale).
How many people died in the 1995 Japan earthquake?
The documents of the ambulance activities in Suita City, Japan used to study about such tendency. The total number of casualties due to the 1995 Kobe Earthquake (Hyogoken Nanbu Earthquake) reached 5,502 killed and 41,521 wounded. These casualties were occurred directly by the earthquake.
Was there a tsunami after the Kobe earthquake?
The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds. The focus of the earthquake was located 17 km beneath its epicenter, on the northern end of Awaji Island, 20 km away from the center of the city of Kobe.
Great Hanshin earthquake.
|The damaged Kobe Route of the Hanshin Expressway|
|UTC time||1995-01-16 20:46:53|
How big was the Kobe earthquake in 1995?
The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. The earthquake resulted in more than 6,000 deaths and over 30,000 injuries.
How did the government respond to the Kobe earthquake?
Most of the people killed in the 1995 quake were crushed by houses and buildings toppled by the temblor. Thereafter, the government started offering subsidies to promote quake-proof work on houses built under pre-1980s building standards.
How is the Kobe Port Tower earthquake proof?
It is shaped like a traditional Japanese drum and was designed to withstand earthquakes, which it did during the 1995 Kobe Earthquake. The rest of the port area was badly affected. Dampers can be added that will allow the building to stay still while they move from side to side.
What plate margin was the Kobe earthquake?
Kobe, Japan, 1995 (MEDC)
On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. It measured 7.4 on the Richter scale and occurred as a result of plate movement along the boundary between the Philippines Plate, Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate.
Why modern building also collapsed during the Kobe earthquake?
The vibrations of the earthquake liquefied the soil and groundwater was pressed out from the pores, fissures opened in the ground and mud inundated parts of the harbour. The basement of many buildings became instable in this water-sand mixture and parts of the harbour slipped into the sea.
When did earthquake Kobe happen?
On January 17, 1995, the great Hanshin earthquake (a.k.a. Kobe earthquake) occurred in the southern part of Hyogo Prefecture, and had a great impact to Hanshin area. The earthquake had magnitude 6.9.
Is Kobe a city in Japan?
Kobe (神戸, Kōbe) is the capital of Hyogo Prefecture and one of Japan’s ten largest cities. Located between the sea and the Rokko mountain range, Kobe is also considered one of Japan’s most attractive cities. Kobe has been an important port city for many centuries.
When did the Northridge earthquake happen?
As Californians were nestled in bed during the early hours of the morning, the Northridge Earthquake erupted throughout the west San Fernando Valley at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994.