What is the meaning of prefecture in Japan?

Prefectures of Japan (都道府県, todōfuken) are one of the basic local entities of Japan. They are the 47 subdivisions of the country. Prefectures are the governmental bodies of Japan which are larger than cities, towns, and villages.

What exactly is a prefecture?

A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction traditionally governed by an appointed prefect. This can be a regional or local government subdivision in various countries, or a subdivision in certain international church structures, as well as in antiquity a Roman district.

Is Tokyo a city or prefecture?

Tokyo Metropolis is a metropolitan prefecture comprising administrative entities of special wards and municipalities. The “central” area is divided into 23 special wards (ku in Japanese), and the Tama area is made up of 26 cities (shi), 3 towns (machi), and 1 village (mura).

Why do Japan have prefectures?

Japan’s prefectures were created in the early Meiji Period to replace the old feudal domains (han), which had been ruled by feudal lords known as daimyo. Often the previous castle town of the old han became the new capital of the prefecture.

Are Japanese prefectures like states?

Well, Japan doesn’t use the word “prefecture” in Japanese. Rather, they have a set of four words used to describe these administrative districts that lie just below the level of nationhood. The relationship is like that of the individual states to the United States or provinces to Canada.

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Is a prefecture like a country?

Prefectures are a lot like states except are not independent theoretically in the way states are. Japan operates a lot like France, the prefectures are just subdivisions of the larger country.

How many prefectures are in Japan?

There are 47 prefectures in Japan: 1 “to” (Tokyo-to), 1 “do” (Hokkai-do), 2 “fu” (Osaka-fu and Kyoto-fu), and 43 “ken.” “Do,” “Fu,” and “Ken” have the same functions.

Is a prefecture a city?

A prefectural level city is a “city” (Chinese: 市; pinyin: shì) and “prefecture” (Chinese: 地区; pinyin: dìqū) that have been merged into one consolidated and unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level …

Is Osaka a prefecture?

Osaka Prefecture (大阪府, Ōsaka-fu) is Japan’s second smallest prefecture after Kagawa. Prefectural capital is Osaka City, the largest city in the Kansai Region. Osaka Prefecture is the site of Kansai Airport, Japan’s second largest international airport.

How many wards are in Japan?

In Japanese, they are collectively also known as “Wards area of Tokyo Metropolis” (東京都区部, Tōkyō-to kubu), “former Tokyo City” (旧東京市, kyū-Tōkyō-shi), or less formally the 23 wards (23区, nijūsan-ku) or just Tokyo (東京, Tōkyō) if the context makes obvious that this does not refer to the whole prefecture.

What is another word for Prefecture?

In this page you can discover 17 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for prefecture, like: officials, directorship, directors, area, consulate, embassy, administration, office, iwate, aomori and fukushima.

How big is a prefecture?

Prefectures of Japan

Prefecture 都道府県 Todōfuken
Number 47 Prefectures
Populations 564,000 (Tottori) – 14,625,000 (Tōkyō)
Areas 1,861.7 km2 (718.8 sq mi) (Kagawa) – 83,453.6 km2 (32,221.6 sq mi) (Hokkaido)
Government Prefecture Government, Central Government
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Is Hokkaido a prefecture?

Hokkaido is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. It has 180 municipalities in total – 35 cities, 130 towns and 15 villages – the largest number of municipalities in any one prefecture (as of March 31, 2006).

Which countries use prefectures?

For the US, provinces for Canada, counties for Ireland for English speaking countries, and departments (or départements) for France, states (or Länder) for Germany as direct translations from the native languages. But for Japan, the areas are called ‘prefectures’.

What is the biggest prefecture in Japan?

With approximately 13.9 million inhabitants, Tokyo Prefecture was the largest prefecture based on population size in Japan as of 2019. The smallest prefecture in this regard was Tottori Prefecture, which in the same year counted about 560 thousand inhabitants.