What is the use of simple dash in Japanese?

The character ー is used in katakana to represent a long vowel. For example, in ノート (nōto) the ー makes the ノ (no) into a long-vowel ノー (nō). (That line over the “ō” is a macron, denoting a long vowel.

What does the dash do in Japanese?

The Long Vowel Sound

All long vowel sounds in katakana are denoted by a dash. For example, “cute” would be written in katakana like so: 「キュート」.

What is the dash in Japanese called?

The chōonpu is usually used to indicate a long vowel sound in katakana writing, rarely in hiragana writing, and never in romanized Japanese. The chōonpu is a distinct mark from the dash, and in most Japanese typefaces it can easily be distinguished.

What does ā mean in Japanese?

like that (used for something or someone distant from both speaker and listener) so.

What does the horizontal line in katakana mean?

Chōonpu​The chōonpu, also known as onbiki, bōbiki, or Katakana-Hiragana Prolonged Sound Mark by the Unicode Consortium, is a Japanese symbol which indicates a chōon, or a long vowel of two morae in length. Its form is a horizontal or vertical line in the center of the text with the width of one kanji or kana character.

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Why do Japanese use tilde?

It is used in to indicate a interval: 5〜10分 = between 5 and 10 minutes. It can also be used to lengthen a hiragana vocal sound but this usage is very casual and should never be used for official writing.

What does ū mean in Japanese?

Japanese vowels can either be long (bimoraic) or short (monomoraic). The macron denotes a long vowel. Long a, o and u sounds are usually written with macrons as ā, ō and ū. The notation “ou” or “oo” is sometimes used for a long “ō”, following kana spelling practices.

How do you make a long dash in Japanese?

In katakana, it’s a ー symbol. On your keyboard, this is just the “minus” key. When you’re in hiragana mode in your IME, it’ll automatically change it to a big ー.

What is Sokuon in Japanese?

The sokuon ( 促音 ) is a Japanese symbol in the form of a small hiragana or katakana tsu. In less formal language it is called chiisai tsu ( 小さいつ ) or chiisana tsu ( 小さなつ ), meaning “small tsu”.

What is the difference between Ü and ū?

Different publications use different conventions. If said book uses “ū” to mean the vowel in smooth, i.e. /uː/ or /u/ in IPA-based conventions, and ü in Merriam-Webster, then it is. … So “ū” in those old dictionaries corresponds to /juː/ or /ju/ in modern IPA conventions, and yü in Merriam-Webster.

What ē means?

east, due east, eastward, Enoun. the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees.

Why is a called a?

When the ancient Greeks adopted the alphabet, they had no use for a letter to represent the glottal stop—the consonant sound that the letter denoted in Phoenician and other Semitic languages, and that was the first phoneme of the Phoenician pronunciation of the letter—so they used their version of the sign to represent …

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How many kanji characters are there?


Characters Types Proportion of corpus (%)
Kanji 4,476 41.38
Hiragana 83 36.62
Katakana 86 6.38
Punctuation and symbols 99 13.09

How do you write long vowels in Japan?

A long vowel takes two morae. In rōmaji it’s written with a macron: ā, ī, ū, ē and ō. In hiragana, it’s written with an extra “あ” (a), “い” (i) or “う” (u) depending on the vowel. In katakana, it’s marked by appending a dash-like symbol “ー”.