The Tokyo War Crimes Trials took place from May 1946 to November 1948. The IMTFE found all remaining defendants guilty and sentenced them to punishments ranging from death to seven years’ imprisonment; two defendants died during the trial.
What was the purpose of the Tokyo trials?
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was a military trial convened on April 29, 1946 to try leaders of the Empire of Japan for crimes against peace and other war crimes leading up to and during the Second World War.
What was the outcome of the Nuremberg trials?
The trials uncovered the German leadership that supported the Nazi dictatorship. Of the 177 defendants, 24 were sentenced to death, 20 to lifelong imprisonment, and 98 other prison sentences. Twenty five defendants were found not guilty. Many of the prisoners were released early in the 1950s as a result of pardons.
Who was tried during the Tokyo Trials?
The accused included nine civilians and nineteen professional military men: Four former premiers: Hiranuma, Hirota, Koiso, Tojo; Three former foreign ministers: Matsuoka, Shigemitsu , Togo. Four former war ministers: Araki, Hata, Itagaki, Minami.
Who was sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal Tokyo?
The Fate of Emperor Hirohito
Two defendants, Yōsuke Matsuoka and Osami Nagano, died of natural causes during the trial. Six defendants were were sentenced to death by hanging for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and crimes against peace (Class A, B, and C).
What were the trials after ww2?
The Nuremberg trials (German: Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held following World War II by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war.
What was a significant result of the Nuremberg trials quizlet?
The Nuremberg trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, to prosecute the important members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany. Why? What was the result? Resulted in 19 convictions of the 22 defendants including 12 death penalties.
Was Pearl Harbor a war crime?
Japan and the United States were not then at war, although their conflicting interests were threatening to turn violent. The attack turned a dispute into a war; –Pearl Harbor was a crime because the Japanese struck first.
How long did the Tokyo trial last?
Twenty-eight high-ranking political and military leaders were indicted on 55 counts of “crimes against peace, conventional war crimes, and crimes against humanity.” The Tokyo trials began on May 3, 1946, and lasted two and a half years.
Why was Hirohito not prosecuted?
Unlike many among his top military brass, Hirohito was not indicted as a war criminal, in part because U.S. authorities feared it could throw their occupation into chaos. From 1945 to 1951, Hirohito toured the country and oversaw reconstruction efforts.
Is false surrender a war crime?
False surrender is a type of perfidy in the context of war. It is a war crime under Protocol I of the Geneva Convention. False surrenders are usually used to draw the enemy out of cover to attack them off guard, but they may be used in larger operations such as during a siege.
How many Japanese defendants were sentenced to death?
China tried more than 800 defendants of whom there is record, including some of those responsible for the butchery in Nanking and Shanghai. Of the 800, some 500 were convicted. Of those, 149 were put to death.