Where in India is Japanese encephalitis?

The most affected states comprise of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Epidemics are reported from union territories of Goa and Pondicherry as well [23].

Is Japanese encephalitis present in India?

Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito borne zoonotic viral disease, caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The occurrence of disease is widespread in 24 countries of South- East Asia and Western Pacific region. The main vector of JE is Culex tritaeniorhynchus , spread across India.

How common is Japanese encephalitis in India?

Approximately 597,542,000 people in India live in JE-endemic regions, and 1,500 to 4,000 cases are reported every year.

Where is Japanese encephalitis found?

Japanese encephalitis is a viral brain infection that’s spread through mosquito bites. It’s most common in rural areas in southeast Asia, the Pacific islands and the Far East, but is very rare in travellers. The virus is found in pigs and birds, and is passed to mosquitoes when they bite infected animals.

When is Japanese encephalitis season in India?

Outbreaks typically occur during or shortly after the rainy season in temperate regions and year-round in tropical regions (peak transmission during summer months).

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Is there a vaccine for Japanese encephalitis?

Inactivated Vero cell culture-derived Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine (manufactured as IXIARO) is the only JE vaccine licensed and available in the United States. This vaccine was approved in March 2009 for use in people aged 17 years and older and in May 2013 for use in children 2 months through 16 years of age.

Which is the cost for Japanese encephalitis?

The ceiling price of Japanese Encephalitis vaccine with dosage form and strength –(1) 4 mcg to 6 mcg and was notified as Rs. 632.95 per pack and Rs. 482.22 per pack was notified for Japanese Encephalitis vaccine with dosage form and strength upto 3 mcg.

How do I protect myself from Japanese encephalitis?

The best way to prevent Japanese encephalitis virus infection is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, treat clothing and gear, and get vaccinated before traveling, if vaccination is recommended for you.

Which mosquito causes encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis. Japanese Encephalitis is primarily a rural disease. Transmitted by the mosquito vector Culex tritaeniorhynchus via a vertebrate host, mostly pigs or wild birds.

Which mosquito causes Japanese encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus, a flavivirus, is closely related to West Nile and St. Louis encephalitis viruses. JE virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex species mosquitoes, particularly Culex tritaeniorhynchus.

Is Japanese encephalitis in the United States?

JEV transmission occurs mainly in rural agricultural areas, but occasional human cases occur in urban areas. Japanese encephalitis (JE) in persons who have traveled or lived overseas is diagnosed infrequently in the United States, with only four cases identified from 1992 (when a JE vaccine was first licensed in the …

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How long is JE vaccine good for?

How long does the Japanese encephalitis vaccination last? The duration of protection is unknown. A booster dose may be given if the primary two-dose vaccination series was given one year or more previously and there is continued risk of exposure.

How long does encephalitis vaccine last?

Boosters: The vaccine protects you for at least 12 months, so you need a booster 12-24 months later to remain protected after one year.