Which is the cause for Japanese encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a potentially severe disease. JE is caused by a virus spread by infected mosquitoes in Asia and the western Pacific. JE virus is one of a group of mosquito-transmitted viruses that can cause inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).

Which organ does the virus causing Japanese encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infection of the brain caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). While most infections result in little or no symptoms, occasional inflammation of the brain occurs. In these cases, symptoms may include headache, vomiting, fever, confusion and seizures.

Is Japanese encephalitis caused by protozoa?

Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral infection. It is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. Humans can get the disease a mosquito that carries the virus bites them.

Where is Japanese encephalitis most common?

Japanese encephalitis is a viral brain infection that’s spread through mosquito bites. It’s most common in rural areas in southeast Asia, the Pacific islands and the Far East, but is very rare in travellers.

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How do you prevent JE?

The best way to prevent Japanese encephalitis virus infection is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, treat clothing and gear, and get vaccinated before traveling, if vaccination is recommended for you.

What causes encephalitis How does it enters the body which organ does it affect?

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain. The majority of cases are caused by either a viral infection or the immune system mistakenly attacking brain tissue.

What causes tick borne encephalitis virus?

Tickborne encephalitis is caused by a virus (Flavivirus genus, family Flaviviridae) which includes three subtypes: European subtype, transmitted by Ixodes ricinus ticks, endemic in rural and forested areas of central, eastern and northern Europe; Far eastern subtype, transmitted mainly by I.

Is malaria caused by protozoa?

Malaria is caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. Four species cause disease in humans: P falciparum, P vivax, P ovale and P malariae. Other species of plasmodia infect reptiles, birds and other mammals. Malaria is spread to humans by the bite of female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.

Which disease is caused by female Anopheles mosquito?

Malaria is transmitted to humans by female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. Female mosquitoes take blood meals for egg production, and these blood meals are the link between the human and the mosquito hosts in the parasite life cycle.

Which mosquito causes encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis. Japanese Encephalitis is primarily a rural disease. Transmitted by the mosquito vector Culex tritaeniorhynchus via a vertebrate host, mostly pigs or wild birds.

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What happens if you get Japanese encephalitis?

Most people infected with JE do not have symptoms or have only mild symptoms. However, a small percentage of infected people develop inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), with symptoms including sudden onset of headache, high fever, disorientation, coma, tremors and convulsions. About 1 in 4 cases are fatal.

Is Japanese encephalitis in the United States?

JEV transmission occurs mainly in rural agricultural areas, but occasional human cases occur in urban areas. Japanese encephalitis (JE) in persons who have traveled or lived overseas is diagnosed infrequently in the United States, with only four cases identified from 1992 (when a JE vaccine was first licensed in the …

Which vaccine is given for Japanese encephalitis?

Inactivated Vero cell culture-derived Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine (manufactured as IXIARO) is the only JE vaccine licensed and available in the United States. This vaccine was approved in March 2009 for use in people aged 17 years and older and in May 2013 for use in children 2 months through 16 years of age.

Is encephalitis a vaccine?

It’s rare for a vaccination to cause encephalitis, but it can happen. The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program includes encephalitis as a covered vaccine injury.

Who can take JE vaccine?

The vaccine is approved for adults and children age 2 months of age and older. It is given as a series of 2 doses, or shots, 7 or 28 days apart for adults. For children under 18, give 2 doses, or shots, 28 days apart.